I must have been destined to do this work as I was always wondering about “ meaning of life” in my letters, to my erudite uncle, from sea, having lost my noble father early in a ghastly tragedy, after having stood by his side in all his struggle of regaining the squandered property in my abode of eighteen generations, (not known to me then and neither suffering yet from any supercilious sense of elitism, first dose of which was administered by Sri Parmeshwar Dwivedi on major Banks Road in Lucknow , reading my Bhrigu-Sanhita, with uncanny accuracy about the past, of which even my highly intelligent uncle was not aware). Secondly a retired (D.J.) gentleman (Mr. Srivastava- I think) frequenting our table in Lucknow Coffee House was a casual but renowned for accurate palm reading told me of accomplishing a big thing connecting the past with the future in my life Thirdly Raja Banaras’ astrologer told me when I was struggling for survival in mid seventies that my standard of living will be the highest ever in the family’s history.
This was before I was forced to resign, fed-up with my uncle’s (in fact my mother was the one who did it within six month’s of my father’s demise) selling the Kaithi property, time and again. I visited Kaithi once after the first Sale Deed on being updated by a cousin of my father after I gave him four hundred rupees as as a help (was a big sum in 1967)Then there was another effort of selling spree and I resigned my handsome job in the Merchant Marine. And then while visiting Shiv Ratri Mela in my imported ‘Ford’ on sighting the ruins of Chandravati Fort of Doman Dev I asked about his time from my otherwise very well read and informed uncle. He said it must have been 2000 to 2500 years ago. So that was that – the level of information about the Raghuvanshi settlers in Varanasi, sacked from Ayodhya.
And the person telling me was born in the house of the eldest brother of Doman Dev, who lived in Chandrawati only fifteen generations away. That was jolting and something had to be done about it. So I found my family’s genealogical table, prepared in around 1840 and a book of Banshi Kavi, about the last king of Ayodhya, forced to give- up his Kingdom and migrate to his father-in-laws domain in Varanasi. According to Banshi Kavi, he married the King’s daughter, later, while leading the life of a hermit. But if the theory of massacre of five leading Hindu Kings by syed sallar Jung alias ghazi mian is correct, then Raja Banar must have been killed already by him before Maharaj Nain Dev of Ayodhya came to Varanasi , fleeing from Ayodhya on the thought of the approaching terror, which should have been around 1032 A.D. in the reign of Masud Ghazni son of Mahmud Ghazni during their 26 years rule. Syed sallar Jung Ghazi Main was a nephew of Masud Ghazni and a grandson of Mahmud Ghazni. He has left widows in Varanasi and maidens waiting to marry him every year, and is feted in Bahraich district where Raja Suheldeo tackled him in a decisive battle in the Suhelawa forest. Strange are the ways of national integration that both Muslim and Hindus pay yearly homage on his ‘Mazar’, the man who decided to eliminate five principal Hindu rulers to establish Islam and Islamic rule.He was a man of Allah and a prophet of God .He died Surprisingly young – At a tender age of eighteen. Much research can be done on this burning light of Islamic phenomena, by historians and Hindu institutions, separating history from legend.
However if one goes by the legend of Ghazi Mian massacring the Mathura King and Raja Bannar the last Gaharwar ruler of Varanasi, the dates given by Banshi Kavi the court Bard’s descendant come with Maharaj Nain Dev from Ayodhya vary by about a hundred years. But Banshi Kavi who used to come and stay with us when my great grand-father was alive, has complained that the conspiring Chaubeys of Niyar- deeh had thrown all his papers and genealogical tables in river Gomti and he had prepared everything from his memory and that is why quite incomplete. Surprisingly, my great grandfather did not give him our own genealogical table down from Sees Chand Maharaj to update to couple of generations more. Although it is doubtful that either of the two understood the baithaua-Urdu Script of Sees Chand’s table. It took a couple of moths to get hold of an old Muharrir by name of Sagar Singh to come to our village for couple of Sundays to be able to decipher our table for us to know that indeed this village was settled by Sees Chand son of Madan Chand Judeo, who was the eldest son of First Raghuvanshi visitor to Kaithi who come to worship on the banks of river Ganges for several years: by name of Rai Chan Singh Judeo eldest son of first Rai of Katehar Rai Khemraj Singh, eldest son of Baba Pukar Rai of Niyardeeh.
Niyardeeh on the banks of Gomit was for long the seat of one branch of Raghuvanshies, i.e. of Katehar; while Ganesh Rai settled Dobhi in Jaunpur and one of the sons of Shalhe Kunwar, only son of Maharaj Nain Deo went away to Kashmir. Dr. Karan Singh of Kashmir had promised to me long ago to give me his own genealogical table kept away somewhere in some place near Srinagar, for completing the table of descendants of the Raghuvansi Kings of Ayodhya in the aftermath of sacking of Ayodhya by Ghazi Mian and of leaving Ayodhya preemptorily; giving it away to purohits the Pandeys (although now the Raja is a Mishra, whom I met in Delhi at my nephew’s place over a lunch). Present Raja of Ayodhya Sri. Mishra should be a good source and their history can be traced and tallied by that of Banshi Kavi’s ancestors, who left with the last Raghuvanshi king for Varanasi
Law of primogeniture was abolished by Bhagwan Ram himself, not that it was universally accepted afterwards or was acceptable to most others than Raghuvanshies. He did it mostly to appease his own three brothers, giving Taxila area to Bharat (it was his descendants who faced Alexander the great) Mathura to Shatrughan and close by Lucknow to Laxman. That was a large chunk of Pargiter's ten democracies of the invading Aryans. Despite this, kings rose and ruled in Ayodhya, sometimes deserted and re-invigorated by supreme Vaishnav kings like Vikramaditya in Kalidas’s Raghuvansh Mahakavya” and other works and treatise. Doman Dev was one such person with much wealth at his command (through legendry paras stone or whatever) that he usurped the estate of Sees Chand come down to him from his grand father Rai Chan Singh Judeo granted to him by a Delhi or a Jaunpur king for his valour. Sees chand confronted his famous cousin as the folklore goes on the border of Kaithi Rajwari in the riverine- Tari, and held Doman Deo’s horse to stop the boisterous and strong prince for having given away the “Pargana Bayalasi” in Jaunpur to Bais Rajputs, what was rightfully his estate being the eldest grandson of Rai Chan Singh Judeo. There was some sort of rapprochement between the two cousins and Doman Dev is said to have reassured his elder cousin (or is it possible that Doman Dev was senior of the two in age at least?) never to look towards 2292 Bighas of Kaithi, even after being appointed a Raja of sorts by Emperor Sher Shah himself on return from his Bengal expedition around 1545 (dates can be corrected to accuracy by reference to history Books).
In fact Sher Shah Suri, the king Emperor held a court on his return from Bengal expedition to make reproaches to Doman Dev, his erstwhile master (1501-1515) for the insolence of his commander-in-chief in sacking the fort of Chandravati and chasing away Doman Dev to Laxmangarh, for refusing to provide Arms and Ammunitions, men and material needed for Bengal expedition of Sher Shah, after his great conquest of Ahmedabad (Gujrat) there was an incident in the Temple of Markandey Mahadeo, where the commander-in-chief met Doman Deo of the Raghuvanshy clan, which gave time for Doman Deo of the Raghuvanshy clan, to flee across the Ganges. Some stupid soldiers started chipping away on the Idol of the ruling deity (it can be seen even today as one enters to pray on the western edge of the Shivlinga. Then a storm of Bees invaded the temple’s sanctum sanctorum and attacked the soldiers and drove them to their grave in a field of plots (now in my possession) called Jinwa and their leader found a grave nearby called “Saeed Baba ki Mazar”. Meanwhile Doman Deo made his getaway to Laxmangarh, while the Sher Shah’s troops attacked and sacked Chandrawati. Sher Shah made amends for his commander in- Chief’s insolence on his return from the successful Bengal expedition by holding a Darbar to honour Doman Dev the Raghuvanshi settler in Varanasi. Doman Dev found further ascendancy to his ruling career, there onwards. One Mr. Ram Chandra Srivastava Director Archaeological Survey, who visited the temple of “Sabha Baba” (to be maintained by the occupant of (Sees Chand’s house) and found statues and figurines of the eleventh century, there) told me that Sri Rudra Dutt Singh of Senapur (a friend of U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Macnmara) had located a ‘Sanad’ issued by Sher Shah at that time in Cornell University (near New York, U.S.A.) granting freedom from cess on Cultivation to Doman Dev and as leader of all (subject to denial by Dobhi Sect far away in Jaunpur) the Raghuvnshies (of Katehar and descendants of Baba Pukar Rai of Niyar – all the twelve of them, spread around). That is when Doman Dev found true ascendancy over his elders and senior houses, viz. Sees Chand Judeo of Kaithi, allowing him 2292 Bighas as free lease, and was emboldened to grant away paragon Bayalisi to Bais Rajputs on his visit to Sher Shah’s court in Delhi. He usurped the rights of Sees Chand with impunity. And the confrontation between the two cousins in Kaithi’s riverine belt (Tari) must have occurred after Doman Dev having bequeathed the inheritance of Sees Chand, in Delhi, to his own needy sisters married to rebellious Basis Rajputs imprisoned by Sher Shah and released on Doman Dev’s pleadings and assurance of good conduct by way of engagement in agriculture away from arms and ammunitions, in Jaunpur.
1) Rai Khemraj Singh 2) Satan Rai 3) Chitau Baba 4) Niyayi baba
1) Rai Chan Singh Judeo 2) Rai Veerbhan 3) Rai Uday Chand Singh
Madan Chand Judeo Uga Thakurajee
Sees Chand Judeo 1) Tara Chand 2) Raja Doman Dev
(Kaithi) (Employer of Sher Shah) (Between 1501-1515)
built original Sees Chand Mansion ( as a youngman).
Around 1492 AD- on Rai Chan Singh Estate
Latest rebuilding 1932 (in the times of Bharat Singh)
House in use and in order Needing restoration for
Posterity & Raghuvanshy’s (History)
owefvekeÀ peeiejCe DeleerkeÀ Debmeejer mew³eo meeueej cemeTo ieepeerJe Je ceeefuekeÀ DeHeÀpeue (in Hindi)
“ Syed salar Masood Ghazi Mian” grand son of Mahmood Ghazni and nephew (sister’s son) of Masud Ghazni, born 405 Hizri or 1016 A.D. Returned from Ghazni at the age of 16 for promotion of religion to India. He came via Multan and Delhi to dozens of districts if western U.P. (including Mathura to Ghazipur and Benares. He is supposed to have been crucified or killed at the age of 16 (else where it is 18) in 420 Hizri in Baharaich (killed by suheldeo in suhelawa forest) on his way to Ayodhya to kill the Hindu king there. There is a symbolic cepeej nj p³esÿ ceeme kesÀ ÒeLece jefJeJeej keÀes ³eneb cesuee ueielee nw~ ³eneb yeekeÀe³eoe FvekeÀer Meeoer keÀe Dee³eespeve neslee nw~ yeejele Yeer Deeleer nw~ efkeÀvleg þerkeÀ mece³e Hej J³e³eOeeve Heæ[ peeves kesÀ keÀejCe Meeoer Deieues meeue kesÀ efue³es ìue peeleer nw~(in hindi) symbolic mazar in salarpura, Varanasi with malik Afzal Alvi- from Rajghat to Chaukaghat. He was also killed during spreading of Islam. Because of Alvi- the Mohalla known as Alyipura- later Alyeepur ( DeueF&Hegj ) lots of Mallahs & Khewats were made Muslims-
nces ve ceeue -Dees-oewuele ®eeefn³es, ve ngkegÀcele Je meuelevele nce Deuueen kesÀ efue³es Deuueen kesÀ yevoes keÀes FvmeeHeÀ efoueeves Je GvnW veskeÀ jemleeW Hej ®eueeves kesÀ efue³es Dee³es nw~ (in hindi)
But By the sword!
At one time I thought that on the impending attack of the killers of Raja Bannar of Kashi (Gaharwar) the Raghuvanshi ‘king of Ayodhya must have taken the flight from Ayodhya- but the dates differ by about one hundred years, except that there must not have been any king in Benares in 1207 to offer his daughter’s hands to Maharaj Nain Deo (Bindumati) when he gave away Dobhi and Katehar to the Raghuvanshi King in dowry.
However, as Ghazi Main perished in “Suhelwa” forest and Malik Afzal Alvi in Rajghat, may be Banar was not the king slain by Ghazi Mian and it could have been one of his fore- fathers and the dynasty continued, yet, in Varanasi- because it was Harish Chandra who was the last Gaharwar king in eastern U.P. (lost on the border of U.P. and Bihar) and Banar and Raghuvanshi king’s dynasties did survive past Ghazi Mian’s slaughter and only the Mathura Hindu dynasty was eliminated by him (Ghazi Mian).
Grant of Bayalasi to Rai Chan Singh Judeo (Now Read –on in The book-------).
Synopsis of Part Two
Raghuvanshies in Benaras
History of Benares region is important since the prehistoric days itself, but in the middle ages as well, as the five districts Varanasi, that is Banaras,Jaunpur,Ghazipur,INCLUDING Ballia and Mirzapur formed the Ninety-four Parganas of the Avadh and was virtually a ‘Suba’ .[that is close to a province] ,under various invaders, administrators and rulers from the eleventh century onwards. In fact it’s prominence had outshone that of the Suba of Allahabad – created by Akbar,as it was like a buffer estate or region of comfort between the Nabobs of Bengal and of Avadh in Faizabad and later in Lucknow.It’s reason for becoming a perpetual battle-field was due to the SHARQI –empire in Jaunpur-a big thorn in the primacy of Dilli.
Synopsis of Part Two
“Also Includes the tale of the 1857 – uprising martyr Jaipal singh son of Shivratan singh of the first House of Katehar - - - - - Which please read on in the book.”
Synopsis of Part Three
Includes a translation of “Raghuvansh – Mahakavya “ by the great Sanskrit poet Kalidas describing from Raghu – the first World – conqueror, to many generations of the Raghuvanshies till Agni varna ,which must be read by all Raghuvanshies ,if not by others.
Synopsis of Part Four
The story of Jaipal singh is dwelt upon in greater detail ,owing particularly as the whole country is gratefully remembering the martyrs Of the 1857-uprising ,this year – 2007-being the 150th year since 1857.
So you are invited to read on the story of Jaipal singh a 1857 martyr as told by Some one born in the same house from where he left to fight the Brits and the John Company (E.I.C) and never to return.
MAGNUM OPUS ON THE SURVIVAL OF
THE SUN – DYNASTY OF AYODHYA
FROM SEVEN MILLENNIUM B.C. TO 28.06.1952
Around the end of the twelfth century A.D., it became abundantly clear that living in Ayodhya wouldn’t be of any use for the descendants of Raghu – the first world conqueror – as per the great poet of Sanskrit, Kalidas, and of Sri Ram Chgandra, destroyer of the great demon of Shri Lanka-Ravana, to continue their existence there, and their great benefactor came in the form of the villainous Jai Chandra, the perpetuator of the Muslim on-slaught on his nephew and abductor of his daughter Sanyukta, the mighty warrioer Prithviraj Chauhan. Come to think of it, there could be no one in a better position to comprehend the outcome and future of the Indian Sub-Continent after his nexus with Muhammad Ghori, and as he was the ruler of all three Kannauj, Kashi and Ayodhya, he arranged for the displacement of the last Raghuvanshy king Nain Deo from Ayodhya to Varanasi in the thick jungle of pargana katehar, sixteen miles away from the township, where the sway of the invading Afgans and Mughals was eminent any time. Suitably he arranged for the betrothal of his grand-niece with Nain Deo. A bard had accompanied Nain Deo from Ayodhya to Varanasi and his descendant Banshi Kavi recorded the births and deaths of the descendent of his erstwhile king in the form of a booklet which has recorded till Sees Chand the descendant of the king, five hundred years ago. And it was a pure chance that a genealogical table prepared in 1840 or so has been returned by the man who took it way by the force of habit and found it of no use written in “Baithauwa Urdu” undecipherable even by the Urdu-reading gentry on its final translation and recognizing the name of great – grand father’s father, it could be established that indeed it was the House of Sees chand where we were born, and that it was also the 1st House of Katehar. Then by the process of reverse progression, beginning with last first born at the turn of the last century, it was possible to ascertain the years of the Raghuvanshy settlement in Kaithi and the year of the construction of the present day ‘Sees Chand Mansion’ lived in now for nearly twenty one generations without a break, which could have come once when the head of the 1st House entered in the plot to capture Warren Hastings in Varanasi, headed by Raja Chait Singh with assembled force of local Zamindars of 34000 strong, next when Jaipal Singh joined the force of Kunwar Singh of Arrah and attacked the John Company (E.I.C) at Azamgarh, and thirdly on, poisoning of three successive generations in eight years time, culminating on 28.06.1952. But yet the ‘Sees Chand Mansion’ survived. However, it seems it is true now to relegate it to past and history as it’s successor and memorial to the man who settled Kaithi ‘Rai Chan Singh Judeo’ in 1485 and a reminder of it in the new millennium is ready to hosue the tablet of the geneology of the ‘Sees Chand Mansion’ which ought to be restored for posterity and handed over to the Archaelogical Survey of India and UNESCO’s Heritage Preservation.
S. P. Singh (Varanasi) on 06.12.2006
M/s. Ambika Soni
Hon’ble Minister for Culture & Tourism,
Government of India,New Delhi - 11001
Re.: Monuments connected with 1857 Uprising.
Ref.: Rajya Sabha question of M.P. Sri Mahendra Mohan assured of your goodselves interest, as well as seeking State Govts. Co-Operation towards the said movement maintenance and of providing basic amenities for tourists.
I am lagging behind, owing to my sailing schedules, in completing the mention of the 1857 martyr in my own family viz. Jaipal Singh grand-father of my great grand father Bharat Singh of Kaithi, Pargana Katehar, in my book “Plebeins who would be Kings”, which I consider putting on the internet, as its publication on its own may not happen in three or four years. People may like to grill me on authenticity on the website which I can reply as and when, in the year 2007 itself.
2. In fact, I have already read a paper in 43rd History Congress in Kurukshetra University in Dec. 1982 entitled – “the role of not so - small cultivators of Eastern U.P. in the nationalist movement of 1857 (the first war of independence)
the first known oppressive measures of Queen Victoria’s Government (in India) against the local leader of 1857 mutiny / rebellion.
The above paper details the participation of Jaipal Singh of Kaithi (Katehar) alongside Veer Senani Kunwar Singh of Arrah in 1857 in Azamgarh etc., from where they were repulsed by the British forces.
3. The fact was kept under covers by Mahayogi Bharat Singh between 1857-58 and 6th Dec. 1944 when he died, and the whole world nearly forgot about his genealogical table, while three generations were poisoned in quick succession between 1944-52, and virtual migration of the main family took place to Nainital, when Rai saheb Ram Rup Singh of the first family of Katehar Raghuvanshies decided to settles his sons and nephews in Nainital, the undersigned rebelled and went back to Kaithi, where he found the family treasure in the form of the genealogical table of the 1st House of the Raghuvanshies of Katehar, as far back as at the turn of the fourteenth to fifteenth century and had the ‘Sazara’ or the genealogical table repaired by the State Archeological Survey, which was required for donation to the Govt.s’ archives - copies of Ltrs. And table enclosed.
4. My book deals in details as to why Mahayogi Bharat Singh thought it necessary to keep such important document under covers. Briefly to save his Zamindari in 1882-83, settlement of landed property and next, 1924 onwards to save the Civil Service achievement of his grand-son, who would have been dismissed on disclosure of the name of his great, great grand father, the rebellion of 1857 Vir Jaipal Singh (who was renamed in revenue papers after his son Ram Sunder Singh was reported as “Makhbudul Khaber” (whereabouts not known), for saving, himself the disgrace of lying about the name of his father). Although his son, the great Mahayogi Bharat Singh, felt no qualms in eschewing the mention of his grand-father Jaipal Singh and instead named his great grand father (Shiv Ratan Sing) as ‘Dada’ instead of Baba (both can be used for grand father, but Dada quite often, in Eastern U.P. is great grand father) on page 130 of Kankata Panda’s account of Raghuvanshies of Katehar (annexure 3-a) visiting for Pind-dan in Gaya.
5. Although I close the account of the ‘Plebeians’ on 28.06.1952, when my father died of poisoning and the entire family shifted to Manakapur House in Nanital, I did return to refurbish and renovate the “Sees Chand Mansion” and it was revived after a gap of twenty years, and became one of he oldest known living edifices any where, in a new version (1933) of the old double story Kutchha with brick supported walls on the outside, where the unknown martyr of 1857 Jaipal Singh was born around 1800 and who left this house at the age of 57 so to join Kunwar Singh in order to show courage to dismiss the presence of the John Company and white skinned invaders on our sacred land, as our self styled masters. The house is well lived in and has about 10 Biswas open land on east and south (Where I want to raise the ‘Hall of Fame of Katehar Raghuvanshies”), with wide berth between the pucca road and the house, on its western side including Sahan and Chabutara (Set back for the House itself)
6. The eastern Bada or courtyard can be turned into guest-rooms for providing basic amenities for the tourists from world-over, who would like to see the abode of an unknown martyr (and made known through insight in revenue papers and genealogical table and Panda’s Bahi in Gaya) and a house giving shelter to 21 generations of the first family of Raghuvanshies of Katehar.
The State Archeological Survey Deptt., the Divisional Commissioner of Varanasi, along with his subordinates, the officer of the Deptt. Of Tourisum, can visit and summon myself for queries and confirmations of my tale and assertions about the martyrdom of Jaipal Singh, papers for which I am submitting to the Hon’ble Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh for his orders and your advise.
(Suresh Pratap Singh)
Charter Engineer (London)
Marine Chief Engineer,
Kamachha, Varanasi – 221010.
Phone : 0542 –2361159
“ Picturisation of Jaipal Singh’s Martyrdom in 1857”
I have completed a book on the first House of Katehar, where the 1857 martyr Jaipal Singh from the “House of Sees Chand” has found a mention, once again, after a paper was read in the 43rd History congress of 1982, on the process of locating his sacrifice for the country, which was kept under covers by his own grand-son the sage and mahayogi Bharat Singh, for reasons enumerated in a letter to Ms. Ambica Soni, Minister of Culture in G.O.I. on 6/12/06 and 25.12.06 briefly (enclosed) and detailed in the book called the “plebeians who would be kings”, the story of the Raghuvanshi kings of Ayodhays, shifted to Katehar and DOBHI by the overlord of Kashi, Kannauj and Ayodhya at the end of twelvth century, the well-know historical figure Jaichandra- the adversary of mighty Prithviraj Chauhan and the abductor of his daughter Sanyukta. He simply married-off his grnand-neice, Bindumati, daughter of Raja Banar of Banaras and tucked- (King Naindeo)-away to safety- the enfeebled descendants of Raghu and Bhagwan Ram, in deep jungles of pargana Katehar lying sixteen miles north-east of the town, to save them from being slain by zehadies like GHZZI MIAN (SAIYAD SALAR).
Although a junior Cousin had Sher-Shah Suri in his stable for fifteen years from 1501 to 1515 (ICHR PAPER, 1979,Mumbai “Sher Shah in the Court of Doman Deo”), the senior most House of Sees Chand lived frugali and unnoticed, except for their genealogical table found in 1978 and when women sang songs naming the ancestors at the birth of my son, it was found that one name was suppressed and removed from Revenue Records and even from the’ Bahi’ of Gaya’s pandas that of Jaipal Singh and then I could establish as to why it was so. Because he was a ‘Baghi’ of 1857, along with a cousin in the same village and that could have meant demolition of zamindari rights of his descendants in 1882-84 settlement of the house of Sees Chand as well as sacking of his great grand-son from the Civil Services of Britishraj, much later.
Now I have written about him and just thought that it would be a good idea and timely so, for you to act as Jaipal Singh who left Kaithi to join Veer Senani Kunwar Singh at the age of 57, perhaps owing to the strong personality of his daughter-in-law, the dowager princes Hansa Kunwar, who could be potrayed by equally beautiful Aishwarya Rai and the “Mukhboobul khaber” – zamindar of Kaithi, Ram Sunder Singh, father of the sage Bharat Singh, by your handsome son. Please to peruse
www.1857-amartyramongpwwbks.com , for detailed information and with the request to kindly give my suggestion ,a thought at your end and oblige.
With Regards and Looking forward to hearing from Mr.Bachchan, well in time
(Suresh Pratap Singh)
Spaghetti Navi Mumbai
E- 4, 6/23, Sector 15
Sri Amitabh Bachchan ji
Juhu- Tara Road
Celll of Sunny Sees Chand : 9967496749
Cell of Suresh pratap Singh : 9935398306
Land Line no: 0542-2361159
43rd History congress
Topic: The role of “ not –so- small” Cultivators of eastern U.P. in the nationalist movement of 1857..etc.
By S. P. Singh Esq.
A new light was thrown on the above topic on inspecting the ‘Bahi’ of Gaya’s’ Pandas during the 42nd. History congress in the Magadh University. Zamindars of eastern U.P. had suffered at the hands of British administration immediately after the so-called “Mutiny “, which was not at all of the sepoys entirely. Those who participated in the first war of independence no doubt lost their lives, often incognito, and their sons had to leave home on one pretext or another for the purpose of being declared “Makhbudul khaber” at the time of record- operations and settlement of land, so that the black -listed names of their forebearers do not come to light and their own children do not suffer on account of the nationalist zeal in their family. Infact that was a common feeling among many well to do cultivators and village-gentry on the western bank of the Ganges, while on the eastern bank the landed gentry was fully loyalist.
An account of one such family is being traced with the help of their family record and revenue papers in the Collectorate Varanasi,which are on the verge of being weeded out at the expiry of 100 years stipulated period. The same may be transferred to the archives with the help of ICHR and a study of the then administration may be looked into by the researchers.
Dated :- 08-10-1982
‘Sees chand Mansion’
1st House of the first family of Katehar estd. 1485 Village & Post : Kaithi (Markandey)
P.S. : chaubeypur, Dustt. Varbasu. PIN: 221116.
Website- chatting- /857________________
Dear Reader/ on –looker,
Very soon we will be celebrating 150 th anniversary of the 1857 uprising against the tyranny of the John Company and its aftermath. While the Mughul empire totally disintegrated, small zamindars evaded annihilation by hiding the existence of the mutineers/ rebellions amongst themselves, in order to survive with the art of living peaceably for the sake of zamindari rights for their children and entry in Civil Services created by British for their grand children, and very wise men also chose to ignore the sacrifice of their grand –fathers, in order to simply survive. It was not virtuous to nurture and cherish the dead, the plebeian riff-raff who were the driving force of the rebellion, as they ignited the fire which engulfed thousands of innocent families. Like the British philosopher Jeremy Bentham, their ideal was security and not liberty. “Wars and best to read of, but peace and calms are better to endure.”
I had read a paper on the topic of one such rebellious Raghuvanshi Rajput of Katehar, by name of Jaipal Singh, in the ICHR meet of 1982 and have requeated for a re-read (although at a short notice )the same in 2006 ICHR-proceedings, on the ground of its topical nature in 2007.
2. I have also written to Govt. of India and U.P.C.M. on 6.12.06 to take-up the martyrdom, of Jaipal Singh, in 1857/58 mutiny, alongside kunwar Singh of Aarrah, and facilitate visitors from around the world to come and see the house of Jaipal Singh, for which I am ready to provide all basic amenities as required by Ms. Ambica Soni in her recent reply to a question by sri Mahendra Mohan of S.P. in Rajya Sabha (with whatever little help, assistance, guidance and recognition from the State Govt. as required by the Center)
3. I am releasing the said paper read by me in 1982 with annexures as proof and the geneological table of the 1st House of Katehar, to which the said martyr belonged and figures in the table.
4. there are letters of Central Govt. (AST) and State Govt. about the authenticity of the subject matter and my approach to the topic for last 25 years.
One and all is welcome to raise queries on my e. mail identity (spsinghnavy. hotmail. com.) and is welcome for a glimpse of the House of martyr Jaipal Singh.
Awaiting to hear from you.
(Suresh Pratap Singh)
R.M.House N.16/132-B, Vinayka, Kamachha,
Cell – 0993539836
Phone : 0542-2361159
Paper to be read at Kurekshetra in the 43rd History Congress
By ,MR.:- S.P.Singh
The role of “not –so –small” Cultivators of eastern U.P.in the nationslist movement of 1857 (the first war of Independence
The first known oppressive measures of Queen Victoria’s Government (in India) against the looal leaders of 1857 mitiny/ rebellion
For this topic to be understood properly, we must study four annexure in Hindi, which are copied from original urdu or from Bahi’s as such in kathiawadi script
Annexure one is the Genealogical table of the Raghuvansies of Katehar in the last seven generations
Annexure two it the copy Revenue Records in Varanasi collectorate showing the entries of 1883 in the name of Ram Sunder Singh.of village Kaithi pargana Katehar.
Annexure three (a) is the copy of the records maintained by the Raghuvansies Panda in Gaya, on page 130, which mention the name of the great grandfather of Babu Bharat Singh of Katehar Raj, but omits the name of his grandfather. Whereas,
Annexure 3 (b) is the copy of page 142 mentioning the name of the grandfather of his son but not that of the great grandfather, as was done by himself (Babu Bharat Singh ) on page 130. The name of the grand father of Babu Bharat Singh of Kateher is the main clue of our story. What was the name of grand father of Babu Bharat Singh.? Annexure one shows it to be Jaipal Singh,and so it is sung by bards and women at various functions like marriages and birth of a child. But then why does it show it to be Parshotam Singh in the Revenue Records of 1883, and while father of Babu Bharat Singh in still alilve (i.e.Ram Sunder Singh)the name of both himself and his brother are entered in the Jild Bandobast, along with the name of his father and grandfather (which is different to the one shown in the Genealogical table).
Furthermore, Babu Bharat Singh takes greatest care of not mentioning the name of his grandfather either as Parshotam Singh or as Jaipal Singh against the norms of Gaya and uses the word “dada”(-------) in place of generally used the word Baba (for grand father), as also used by his own son twenty years later ‘dada ‘(-------) is a peculiar word. It is used for uncle and sometimes for father (amongst the Taluqdars of Avadh) not to be confused with ‘data’ of Rajasthan princely houses )and sometime for elder brother, but also for great grand father, specially when grandfather ’Baba ‘ is alive along with ‘Dada’ (great grandfather). But it is often misunderstood food ‘Baba’ or grandfather. The same subterfuge is utilized by Babu Bharat Singh of Kaithi (Katehar)in not mentioning the name of his grandfather.
We do not want to bring the controversy of 1840 as no copies of record operation of 1840 are being produced. But it may be understood that in 1840 the name of Jaipal Singh is to be found. Then why suddenly his name becomes such a taboo or enigma in 1883 and afterwards. Actually, there are two names in Kaithi records which are found changed after the mutiny of 1857, one is of course of Jaipal Singh and another on is of “Chhayyi-Gharana, “ Who were distant cousins. His five brothers are Dhavakkal Singh, Pargas Singh, Bhairon Singh, Shiv Awatar Singh and Shiv Jalim Singh, but his name is removed from the ‘Sazara’ (Genealogical table) prepared in 1860, although later on his changed name is entered in the Revenue Records of 1883 and his descendants are still enjoying his property. These two men were marked-out by the new administration after the company raj which utilized various oppressive measures to suppress the spirit of rebellion on the western banks of Ganges. Veer Sarvarkar has recorded that ten to twenty people were hanged by the tallest trees once the mutiny was quelled. All the guns , swords and Jhals etc. were dumped in wells and hidden in ‘ parnalas’ of village homes. Twenty gun barrels were found when the old house of Babu Bharat Singh , grandson of 1857- rebellion Jaipal Singh was demolished in 1930 for rebuilding on the same spot. of. There is a well in Kaithi-kot which should be dug out to examine the remains of 1858 dumpings of Raghuvansies arms.
It is a little known fact that the newly installed Government of Queen Victoria confiscated the landed property of the suspects of 1857 rebellion. However, it is difficult to say how rebellious was Babu Jaipal Singh of Kaithi or his unnamed cousin. There is a story perhaps exaggerated that he had joined Kunwar Singh of Arrah and never returned to Kaithi afterwards.
Strangely enough their family bard is also silent on the matter.
Record operations of village Kaithi in 1883 has recorded Babu Ram Sunder Singh shown as “Makhbudul khabar” or having left home which must have necessitated for his two sons names to be entered along with his own as he was not declared deceased. And opportunity was provided for his fathers name to be changed. The fact is that Babu Ram Sunder Singh left home as an ascetic and is renowned to have lived a very long life, having visited Kaithi at the death of his son, for a brief moment
The fact remains that the zamindari rights of the land in district Varanasi of some suspected families came under active consideration of the new Birtish Government either local, Viceregal or from the Whitehall that people fled giving their sons an opportunity to rehabilitate themselves and not suffer for the sins of their fathers.
A deep study in the test case presented here can throw more light on the exact attitude of the then administration. The revenue records between two settlements of 1840 and 1841-84 and official files kept in archives can be of great help and should be preserved before they are indiscriminately weeded out after the usual hundred years period. That particular period is of great significance to the first war of independence and the History congress or ICHR may take proper steps in that direction similarly the Bahi’s of Gayas pandas are fast deteriorating by damp atmosphere of their keepers houses and they may also be preserved for posterity by effects made by any such body.
Genealogical table of the Reghuvansies of Katehar
Raghav Rai -(L. 1726)
Janak Rai –(L. 1751)
Shiv Shanker Shiv Ghulam Shiv Sahay Shiv Ratan Singh -à (L.1776)
Singh. Singh. Singh Jaipal Singh -à(L.1801)
Ram Sunder Singhà(L. 1826)
(L.1851) _____ Eharat Singh Govardhan Singh
( L.1876) _____Raj kumar Singh. Ramdhari Singh
(L. 1901) ______ Ram Rup Singh.
Re- issued : 23/12/06.
Copy Settlement village Kaithi , Mahaal Gang- Barar, pargana Katehar, dist. Banaras year 1883.
No. of entry
Ram Sunder Singh
- - 90
So of chlh.vayed (khud kast)Ram Sunder Singh
Son of Parshotam Singh & Bharat Singh and Gowardhn singh sons of Ram sundar singh with equal shares and one share of widows Ganga Kunwar wife of Late Shiv Ram Singh one share, caste Kshatriya, co Parceners owners culhivating persondly (khud kast
Annuxue –3 (A)
Copy of the register of Raghuvanshi- Kshatriya of Katehar Pargana, of kankata panda of GAYA.
On page 130 Babu Bharat Singh Father Ram Sunder Singh great grand father Shiv Ratan Singh Raghuvanshi Kshatriya, son: Raj kumar Singh, Village Kaithi of katehar
P.S. Chaubepur, post: Kaithi dist: varanasi: 14th Day of Ashwin (kwar), fashli 1337.
Sd. Bharat Singh
Annuxue –3 (B)
On page 142.
Raj kumar Singh , Father: Bharat Singh, grand father Ram Snder Singh Brother (Cousin) Ramdhari Singh, nephew: Chandrdeo Singh, Son: Ram Rup Singh,Rishabhdeo Singh.
Sd. Rajkumar Singh, by the pen in his own hand.
Date: 15 Ashwin , 1357 fasli.
GOING BACKWARDS in order to
Establish- 1st House of Katehar’s age
As per lodging in “ Sees chand Mansion”
Starting from official age certificate
Of Rai Saheb Ram Rup Singh (12.12.1901)
(with slight approximations for
First born of sees chand Mansion
When 25 years old
Ram Rup Singh
Raj kumar Singh
Ram Sunder Singh
Jaipal Sinhg alias Puroshattam Singh
Shiv Ratan Singh
Chet Singh alias Janak Rai
Rai Chan Singh Judeo
And then beyond, to establish veracity of the years recorded, by our Bard Banshi
Kavi, for Deokunwar coming to Deorayee in 1380 (7) and pukar Raj establishing hegemony of the 1st House of katehr at Neyar –deth in 1435.To include in place of (‘Bhaithaywa- clzdir) of the original geneow-gical-tahte (Kaithi-Sarora)
Ref . : ICHR/ CHRMN/6/79-80/26/
Date : March 11, 1980.
Dear Mr. Singh,
I received your letter regarding your proposal Raghuvansies in Benares- 1154 onwards. I would suggest that you should send your research project for the scrutiny of experts nominated by the Indian Council of Historical Research. The regular procedure is a as soon as a proposal is received the Chairman or the other members of the Council nominate one or two experts. Their recommendations are placed before the Research project committee and decision of the Research Project is final.
Mr. Sureshpratap Singh,
Sees Chand Mansion,
Village & Post- Kaithi,
Dist. : Varanasi (U.P.)
Dr. kashi prasad shrivastava, D.O. LTR No. 296/Four-1 Director u.p. Govt. Achhives
(State Director G.P. Govt. B- 44, Maharagar Extra Lakhanove
Abrchives Laknove Date: 1 june 1979.
Dear Shri Singh,
This is regarding your LR date 1.6.79 which is about the donation to the U.P. Govt. Archives of permanent care of Raghvanshi genealogical table that in which (------) it is to inform you that the said genealogical that will be kept in the local Arehive at Varanasai, which is under the supervision of this office
after proper repair of it for safe – keeping and will be made available to scholars at all times.
(kashi prasad shrivastav )
Shri suresh Pratap Singh
Village & Post : Kaith
Balui: Ahove ____________------------------------------------------------------
Balu with English tran script, which can he used in making software
U.P. Govertment Archives
B-44, Mahanagar Ext.
Shri, Suresh Pratap Singh
Village & Post :- Kailthi
Letter No. 79 / Nine-4 Date: 17. April 1980.
We have to inform with reference to your latter date 6.3.80. the ‘ KAITHI’-Genealogical table that ‘Sent by you has been only Repaired. Please to intimate as to on which address should at the Sent, that you are able to receive. The same in case you are coming personality , you can take the genealogical table from this office.
(Shyam Narain Singh )
A book about the legends of Ikshawakus and history of Raghuvanshies from seven millennium B.C. to 28.06.1852 from Asthachakra Ayodhya to Kaithi-katehar, taking a clue from the Last Reghuvanshy King Maharaja Nain Deo’s bard Banshi Kavi, who traveled with him to Varanasi at the time of the abdicated king’s betrothal to the famous Gaharwar King Jaichand’s grand –niece Bindumati in Varanasi in 1212 A.D. ; AND THEREON ---- An application for the magnum opus’s copyrights has been submitted to the Registrar of COPYRIGHTS , to the Govt. of India, New Delhi-110001. on 15.11.2006, from Belapur, Navi Mumbai, by registered post with triplicate statement of Particulars and the fee paid vide postal order NO. 40F 751229, 40F 751228 AND 56E894907, with Receipt No:- RLA 6101, from Konkan Bhavan SO 400614.
The book also includes and mentions the unknown and unsung, and someone whose mention was deliberately suppressed by his descendants, the brave heart of the first House of Katehar Jaipal Singh, Who participated and died in the 1857-uprising against the British tyranny. We are honoured to make public the Valliant sacrifice of our great great great grand - father, with humble reverence for his love for the country, which is free today.
------------------------------------------ By S.P.Singh
“Sees Chand Mansion”
1st House of the first family of Katehar estd. 1485
Village & Post : Kaithi(Markandey)
P.S. : Chaubeypur,Distt. Varanasi. Pin 221116.
Very soon we will be celebrating 150th anniversary of 1857 uprising against the tyranny of the John Company and its aftermath. While the Mughul empire totally disintegrated , small Zamindars evaded annihilation by hiding the existence of the mutineers/rebellions amongst themselves , in order to survive with the art of living peaceably for the sake of Zamindari rights for their children and entry in Civil Services created by British for their grand children, and very wise men also chose to ignore the sacrifice of their grand –fathers ,in order to simply survive. It was not virtuous to nurture and cherish the dead, the plebeian riff-raff who were the driving force of the rebellion , as they ignited the fire which engulfed thousands of innocent families. Like the British philosopher Jeremy Bentham , their ideal was security and not liberty. ”Wars and storms are best to read of, but peace and calms are better to endure.”
1) I had read a paper on the topic of one such rebellious Raghuvanshi Rajput of Katehar, by name of Jaipal Singh, in the ICHR meet of 1982 and have requested for a re-read (although at a short notice) the same in 2006 ICHR-proceedings, on the ground of its topical nature in 2007.
2) I have also written to Govt. of India and U.P. C.M on 6.12.06 to take-up the martyrdom, of Jaipal Singh, in 1857 mutiny, alongside Kunwar Singh of Aarrah , and facilitate visitors from around the world to come and see the house of Jaipal Singh, for which I am ready to provide all basic amenities as required by Ms . Ambika Soni in her recent reply to a question by Sri Mahendra Mohan of S.P. in Rajya Sabha (with whatever little help, assistance, guidance and recognition from the State Govt. as required by the center.)
3) I am realeasing the said paper read by me in 1982 with annexures as proof and the genealogical table of the 1st house of Katehar, to which the said martyr belonged and figures in the table.
4) There are letters of Central Govt. (ASI) and State Govt. about the authenticity of the subject matter and my approach to the topic for last 25 years.
------------------------------------------------------By S.P Singh
About The Author
Sailor,Aviator,Seaman,Marine - Engineer & Chartered Engineer(London), Public Servant, Tenant and Cultivator in the alluvial 'Mahal of Kaithi' in a process of revising(and writing about it)Cornwallis and Jonathan Duncan,after being initiated by Rai Saheb Ram Rup Singh, in the eighties, proactive in making Ganga dredging successful and creating water- ways after twenty years, in 2000 AD. first born of the second son of the direct lineal descendant in the twentieth century of the first family of the first House of Kathear,coming down the line of the last Raghuvanshi king of Ayodhya-migrating to Varanasi in 1205 AD-thereby making an effort of recording obeisance to the survival of the family with the help of the book of the family bard and with the translation of the lost and found genealogical table.
Suresh Pratap Singh
Invitation to the function of the laying of memorial tablet in the honour of the martyrdom of Jaipal Singh S/O. Shiv Ratan Singh of the House of Sees Chand of the 1st family of the 1st House of the Raghuvanshies of Katehar in the 1857 struggle of the plebeians of the country for the outser of the ‘Goras’ of the east India 10 May 2007, being the 150th Anniversary of the 1st War of Independence.
Venue : Kaithi(Markandey),Katehar,Varnasi
At “Sees Chand Mansion”
Proposed inauguration by Dr. Karan singhji, M.P .(a distant cousin of the family) in the presence of invitees including Sri Amitabh Bachchan and family(who are duly invited to picturise the story of the said martyr) and Sri Amar Singh(whose father was a friend of the family) and who can percuade Sri Bachchan on our behalf and all the descendents of Baba Pukar rai of niyardeeh and of Sri Ganesh rai, his first Cousin from Dobhi, including of course of our famous cousin Doman Deo now mostly in Aaire(Ayar) and in other places too (vide news media as much as possible or else by word of mouth as like in 1857)
And Ms. Ambika Soni, The G.O.I. Minister of Culture, as per my two communications to her in December 2006 in this matter.
And Sri. Mulayam Singhji vide our request to him 08.12.2006, in his capacity as C.M. of the province, so also as our political ally in the early seventies, hence personally
And not to forget former C.M. Sri, Rajnath Singhji who started the Ganga dredging in Kaithi on my request on 23rd November 2000, and it will give us immense pleasure and honour to have him for the occasion.
And all and sundry who has a feeling towards our unknown martyr and their sacrifices and bravery for the country.
Your sincerely & truly,
R.S.V.P Suresh Pratap Singh
R.M.HOUSE, N-16/132B, Vinayaka email@example.com
Kamachha, Varanasi 221010 firstname.lastname@example.org